Added: Kenyatta Zinke - Date: 25.08.2021 20:36 - Views: 49404 - Clicks: 8751
Numerous surveys have demonstrated that the American public is affected by bias against people who are overweight and obese . Physicians, too, express these biases. A survey involving a nationally representative sample of primary care physicians revealed that, not only did more than half of respondents think that patients who are obese were awkward and unattractive, but more than 50 percent believed that they would be noncompliant with treatment .
Other studies have added to the evidence that bias against patients who are obese is common in health care settings . These prejudices are somewhat peculiar, given the fact that the majority of Americans are themselves overweight or obese. Many who are overweight, however, do not perceive any problems in their individual circumstances. In a study of 6, people, 8 percent of people who were obese thought they were healthy and did not need to lose weight, despite the fact that 35 percent had high blood pressure, 15 percent had dyslipidemia, and 14 percent were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
This prejudice may be partly due to how the media portray people who are obese. Greenberg et al. The statistics are even more staggering for women.
Almost 90 percent of women on TV were at or below normal weight, compared to only 50 percent of American women. Popular television shows that include people who are obese portray them either as comedic, lonely characters, or freaks. Ugly Betty focuses on an overweight young woman who, although she is comfortable with her weight, is often mocked for her size and awkwardness. And who can forget Roseanne, who was loud, obnoxious, and slovenly? Rarely if ever are they romantic le, successful lawyers or doctors, or action stars.
Flip through the numerous reality shows on television where women are battling for a modeling contract. Keep in mind that the average American adult is overweight or obese, so the person at normal weight is actually in the minority. It is hard to discuss media portrayal of people who are overweight without mentioning The Biggest Losera highly successful television program and publishing enterprise. This type of show—that selects participants on the basis of a particular feature—does not focus on the typical person. Most people who are overweight are not morbidly obese, nor do they have armies of personal trainers, dietitians, and life coaches.
The Biggest Loser promotes the perception that obesity is caused by individual failure rather than a mixture of individual, environment, and genetic sources. There is good news. The media have the potential to promote health and discourage prejudice.
The current negative portrayal of obesity in media seems analogous to the portrayal Fat woman sex in Carey United States homosexuality in the recent past. Remember when gay characters were either drag queens or overtly promiscuous? For instance, Jack from Will and Grace itself considered a step up from portrayals of homosexuality, as it was one of the first highly popular sitcoms with gay protagonists was campy, superficial, and sex-crazed.
Such portrayals helped to promote stereotypes of gay men and women. Some debate remains about current portrayals, but views of same-sex relationships, especially, have improved dramatically over the last decade. This is a considerable improvement from the time when gay characters were either flamboyant, overly promiscuous, or simply invisible. There is no doubt that the media can play an important role in educating the public on health topics. According to a CDC survey of U. Just last year, a survey of moms with at least one child under 18 years of age listed pediatricians as the most trusted source of health information—but this was followed closely by evening news, Internet searches, Web sites, and morning talk shows .
The challenge for media is to provide entertainment to viewers. If a news outlet wants to schedule programming about obesity or healthy living, it almost has to do a story about cutting a pound woman out of her home in order to get people to tune in. It is difficult to get viewers to tune in for programming about lifestyle, but not impossible. Several years ago, a popular soap opera had a subplot about a character infected with the HIV virus .
At that time, 4. The of calls during the 1-hour time slots just after the broadcast rose dramatically, nearly fold. Although soap opera viewing is down, and there are fewer soap operas in production, 53 percent of all women who report viewing soap operas regularly, 56 percent of Hispanic women who view soap operas, and 69 percent of African American women who view soap operas recently responded that they had learned something about diseases or how to prevent them from soap operas in the year . The media can be a force for good. Media can and should be used to address the obesity epidemic.
The media can play a pivotal role in providing credible and evidence-based information to increase health literacy, help people live healthy lives, and decrease discrimination against people who are overweight or obese. Bias, discrimination, and obesity. In: Bray G, Bouchard C, eds. Handbook of Obesity: Clinical Applications. Lie D. Cases in Health Disparities: bias against the obese patient and approaches for managing it. Medscape Today.
February 17, Accessed March 8, Stigma and discrimination in weight management and obesity. Permanente J. Accessed March 10, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Marketing to Moms Coalition; September 18, Virtual Mentor. Google Scholar. View Article Google Scholar. Also in this Issue Apr Personal Narrative. State of the Art and Science. Medical Education.Fat woman sex in Carey United States
email: [email protected] - phone:(577) 628-3417 x 6746
AMA Journal of Ethics